Publications  |  Readings in Sufism

Classical Persian Sufism from its Origins to Rumi (700-1300)

Denna bok innehåller protokollet från konferensen "Classical Persian Sufism: From its Origin to Rumi". Konferensen organiserades av Nimatullahi Sufi Orden på George Washington University den 11-13 e maj 1992. Kapitlen i denna bok analyserar så olika ämnen som "Literary and Historical Beginnings", "Sufi Masters and Schools", "Metaphysics and Hermeneutics", "Literature and Poetry", "Divine Love, Sainthood, Spiritual Disciplines and Stations" och "Spiritual Chivalry and Malamati Spirituality". Mer än något annat avslöjar denna bok den rikedom som den sufiska litteraturen bidragit med till den persiska kulturen. Den fångar även väl stämningen i mystikernas meditativa syn på islam.

Excerpt from Classical Persian Sufism from its Origins to Rumi (700-1300)

A speech given by Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh at the conference proceedings entitled:
The Key Features of Sufism in the Early Islamic Period

2. Divine Live

As its basic assumption, Sufism teaches that Reality cannot be known by logical or rational methods. God must be approached through love, and only through divine grace and favour may intimacy with Him be attained. From the perspective of the sufis, as long as 'you' remain 'yourself', you cannot know God: the greatest veil between you and Reality being 'yourself'. Only the fire of divine love can burn away this egocentricity. Moreover, such divine love appears spontaneously; it cannot be learned through study.

Divine love may arise in the sufi in one of two ways: 1) through divine attraction (jadhba) and 2) through wayfaring and methodical progression on the Path (sayr wa suluk). By 'attraction', God's love arises within the sufi directly, without intermediary, so that the sufi forgets everything but God. By the second route, that of wayfaring and methodical progression on the Path, the sufi becomes devotedly in love with the spiritual master, who then transforms this love into divine love. To present another simile, the sufi sets out in search of a spiritual master, holding in hand the lantern of the Search for Truth; then the master kindles the flame of his lamp with the breath of his own holy spirit, causing the sufi to burn with divine love. Hafiz (d. 791/1389) alludes to this in the following verse:

In this intense heat which scorches our insane heart
The straw of one hundred dry intellects
would burn up in an instant.

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